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How much do you know about the types of fire trucks?

Fire trucks, also known as fire trucks, refer to vehicles that are designed and manufactured to be suitable for firefighters, equipped with various firefighting equipment or fire extinguishing agents, and used by firefighting forces for firefighting, auxiliary firefighting or fire rescue, including vehicles in China. Most of the country's fire departments also use it for other emergency rescue purposes. Fire trucks can transport firefighters to the scene of disasters and provide them with a variety of tools for disaster relief tasks. Generally speaking, the classification of fire trucks is based on their functional characteristics. In my country, fire trucks are generally divided into the following categories:

1. Fire fighting truck

This type of fire truck can spray fire extinguishing agent and fight fire independently, including:

1. Pump fire truck

Also known as "pump truck" and "pump truck", it refers to a fire truck equipped with a water pump. It is equipped with a fire pump, other fire fighting equipment and crew seats. Supply water to other fire extinguishing spray equipment on the fire site.

2. Water tank fire truck

Also known as "water tank car", in addition to fire pumps and equipment, there are also large-capacity water storage tanks, water guns, water cannons, etc. on the car, which can independently extinguish fires without the help of external water sources. Suction water directly from the water source for fire fighting, or supply water to other fire trucks and fire extinguishing sprinklers. It can also be used as a water supply and water delivery vehicle in water-shortage areas. It is suitable for fighting general fires. It is a standing fire-fighting vehicle for public security fire brigades and professional fire brigades.

3. Foam fire truck

It is mainly equipped with fire pumps, water tanks, foam liquid tanks, foam mixing systems, foam guns, cannons and other fire fighting equipment, which can independently fight fires. It is especially suitable for fighting oil fires such as oil and its products, and can also supply water and foam mixture to the fire scene. It is an essential fire fighting vehicle for petrochemical enterprises, oil terminals, airports and urban professional fire brigades.

4. High expansion foam fire truck

Equipped with high-expansion foam generating device and fire pump system. It can quickly spray a large number of high-expansion air foams of 400 to 1000 times to isolate the surface of the burning material from the air, play a role in suffocation and cooling, and can eliminate part of the smoke. It is suitable for fighting closed or semi-closed basements, warehouses, ships, etc. Closed construction site fire, the effect is remarkable.

5. Carbon dioxide fire truck

The vehicle is equipped with a high-pressure gas storage cylinder of carbon dioxide fire extinguishing agent and a complete set of spraying device, and some are also equipped with a fire pump. It is mainly used to extinguish fires of valuable equipment, precision instruments, important cultural relics, books and archives, etc., as well as general material fires.

6. Dry powder fire truck

It is mainly equipped with dry powder fire extinguishing agent tank and dry powder injection device, fire pump and fire fighting equipment, etc. It mainly uses dry powder to extinguish flammable and flammable liquid fires, flammable gas fires, live equipment fires, and general material fires. For large-scale chemical pipeline fires, the fighting effect is particularly remarkable. It is a standing fire truck for petrochemical enterprises.

7. Foam-dry powder combined fire truck

The equipment and fire extinguishing agents on the vehicle are a combination of foam fire trucks and dry powder fire trucks, which can spray different fire extinguishing agents at the same time, or can be used alone. It is suitable for fighting flammable gases, flammable liquids, organic solvents, electrical equipment and general substance fires.

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Types of fire trucks

1. Fire-fighting fire trucks: Fire trucks that spray fire extinguishing agents to independently fight fire accidents, including pump fire trucks, water tank fire trucks, foam fire trucks, dry powder f


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